In this review article, as in the previous one, the countries of the MENA region have been grouped into three sub regions.
Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Yemen, Iraq and Iran: this sub-region includes all the six countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) plus three of their neighbours.
Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria and Sudan:
this grouping covers four of the five Maghreb countries plus Egypt and Sudan.
Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine: this sub-region includes four countries that border the Eastern Mediterranean, plus two neighbours. This area, excluding Turkey, is also known as the Levant.