Cable makers must spend considerable time and money to keep up on the changes in applications and regulations. Standards work is a good example – it takes time to develop the standards as well as to develop the requisite products and testing procedures. There are new environmental and recycling rules. There are rules for certifying products. There are numerous external market factors to address so that a cable maker stays current. Many of these problems can be shared among the cable makers – that’s the role of the industry associations. The main functions of trade associations include lobbying when new regulations are being developed, help with standards development and implementation, employee training, market and technical information, and last but not least, meetings and events.